Sepsis (septicemia) What are its causes, symptoms and treatment

Sepsis (septicemia) What are its causes, symptoms and treatment

Sepsis (septicemia) What are its causes, symptoms and treatment
Sepsis (septicemia) What are its causes, symptoms and treatment

Sepsis is a strong response from the internal immune system to bacterial infection that enters the blood. 

Sepsis often causes organ failure!

For many individuals, sepsis is a medical emergency that may become life threatening and fatal.

Sepsis is one of the top ten leading causes of death in the United States.

Sepsis is a health problem in itself. But it is most common due to a bacterial infection in the blood called blood poisoning.

Blood poisoning leads to sepsis or sepsis:

In cases of bacterial infection in the blood. Bacteria release toxins in the blood.

The immune system responds with escalating reactions in response to the inflammatory condition and toxins accumulated in the blood. These are referred to for a condition as sepsis or sepsis.

Sepsis is defined as a functional life-threatening organ analysis. As a result of the body's response to infection that affects its tissues and organs.

Symptoms of sepsis:

The most important step for patients or the people around them who suspect septicemia is:

  • Not trying to make a home diagnosis! 
  • Instead, you should go to the ambulance team as soon as possible. Symptoms of sepsis get worse from worse to worse.
  • The symptoms may be due to a health problem other than septicemia, but they need to take emergency steps.

The most common symptoms of sepsis in the blood:

  • High temperatures, fever and chills. 
  • Heart rate acceleration. 
  • Rapid breathing. 
  • Abnormal hyperhidrosis.
It is necessary to immediately call for ambulance, if the infection reaches a late stage or severe septic shock.

Call an ambulance if there is suspected sepsis and the following symptoms are present:

  • Vertigo or feeling weak and tired. 
  • Confusion, low concentration, or any abnormal change in mental state, including feelings of death or true fear of death. 
  • Speech is not clear.
  • Diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. 
  • Severe muscle pain and obvious general fatigue. 
  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath.
  • Lack of urination, for example, the patient may not need to urinate for an entire day. 
  • The skin becomes cold, pale or discolored. 
  • Cold extremities indicate poor blood supply. 
  • Unconsciousness.

An ambulance team should be required in all cases, whether the patient feels cold or warm. Both cases may occur with sepsis.

Older adults are more likely to develop sepsis after an infection. The symptoms are also more likely to get worse.

When going to the medical team and talking to the doctor or nurse, it is necessary to inform them about any recent infection, surgical procedure, or if the patient has a defect or weakness in the body's immunity.

Causes of sepsis (causes of sepsis):

  • Bacterial infection is the most common cause of sepsis.
Any infection that enters the body may stimulate sepsis. The lungs, urinary tract, and abdominal area are the most vulnerable organ.

  • Studies also indicate the possibility of infection sepsis due to infection with fungi. But bacterial infections are the most common.
  • The elderly are considered more susceptible and more dangerous to sepsis, as a result of aging and its effect on immunity. 
  • The risk of sepsis also increases after surgery.

Serious factors leading to sepsis:

The problem of septicemia may occur as a result of complications for any person who has the infection.

However, the people who are most at risk and at risk of sepsis or sepsis are very young or elderly. And everyone else has the following serious factors:

  • Weakened immune system. 
  • Chronic diseases that include diabetes, kidney or liver disease, AIDS, or cancer. 
  • Cases of severe wounds, including severe burns.

The problem of sepsis has become more common. And the reason may be due to the following:

  • More individuals undergo surgery and organ transplants. And take more immunosuppressive drugs and chemical treatments.
  • Increased resistance to antibiotics. As the microbes became immune to drugs that would have controlled the infection.

Tests and diagnostics:

  • The first step in diagnosing sepsis is monitoring symptoms. Taking into consideration the patient's health history, and the last infection, surgery or catheter he underwent. In addition to the dangerous factors that make it more vulnerable to infection.
  • Then the doctor performs physical tests for the patient, which help confirm the diagnosis. Pain in some areas of the body examined by a doctor, may indicate the type of infection that causes sepsis.
  • The doctor also performs a blood test, including the causative agents of infection. It can also be analyzed from other fluids of the body, such as the vascular secretions.
  • And the doctor may rely on pictures to determine the location of the infection.

Treating sepsis:

In early cases of sepsis, antibiotics may be sufficient to overcome the problem.

But in more severe cases of sepsis, the patient needs to be hospitalized in the intensive care unit.

Hospital treatment options include the following:

  • Intravenous administration. 
  • The use of vascular compressors (vascular astringent). The goal is to increase blood pressure in emergency cases of low blood pressure. Maintaining adequate supply and delivery of food and oxygen to vital organs.
  • Dialysis. 
  • In severe cases of sepsis, the patient may need surgical intervention. It often involves removing any tissue damaged by the infection.

Prevention of sepsis:

These precautions are especially necessary for very young or elderly individuals or for individuals most at risk of developing complications:

  • If the doctor advises this, it is necessary to obtain the necessary vaccinations and vaccines to prevent possible infections. Including influenza vaccine and pneumonia.
  • Keep any wound or scratch clean and sterilized, to prevent infection. And use good hygiene methods, including hand washing.
  • In the event of any infection, it is necessary to consider and remain vigilant of possible symptoms of sepsis (fever, chills, increased heart rate, rapid breathing, rash). And get immediate medical attention as soon as these symptoms appear.

The information mentioned on the article is provided as it is, it aims to raise awareness and provide information in a simple manner, but it does not mean consulting a doctor.

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