5 ABCs have a distinctive imprint in the history of writing ... get to know them

5 ABCs have a distinctive imprint in the history of writing ... get to know them

5 ABCs have a distinctive imprint in the history of writing ... get to know them
5 ABCs have a distinctive imprint in the history of writing ... get to know them

We usually say that the alphabet is the backbone of a language, and that's absolutely true! Where the alphabet consists of different signs that make it possible to transcribe all the sounds of the language in order to decipher them, however complex.

The alphabet, then, is the literal translation of each sound that contributes to the formation of a particular word or phrase, whether or not it has a meaning.

With different languages, we notice a wide variety of alphabets or alphabets, you may be involved in translating multiple languages ​​or may be limited to only one language.

In this regard, writing systems were born in different parts of the world and in different times, and it was archaeological discoveries and decoding of ancient manuscripts that helped define the great alphabet that developed over the centuries.

Here on this topic, we will present the 5 most important alphabets that have a distinctive footprint in the history of writing.

The Phoenician alphabet is the cornerstone of the history of writing

The Phoenician alphabet is considered to be the origin of the modern alphabet, its use goes back to the Phoenicians, they are traders who flourished in the Middle East.

The first evidence of its use dates back to 10,000 BC in a region that is compatible with the Middle East today as the present borders of Lebanon, Palestine, Syria and Jordan are built on the remains of ancient Phenicia.

Unwittingly, the Phoenicians (also called the Canaanites) undertook a major revolution that would influence all the civilizations that followed, the alphabet revolution.

In fact, they are considered to be the first to have the idea of ​​clarifying speech sounds by adopting arbitrarily chosen marks and ensuring that they are not forgotten, thus making an important invention in the history of writing.

The Phoenician phoneme system consisted of 22 signs, and was based on very simplified representations of things whose names began with this or that sound. The Phoenician alphabet is known to be particularly easy to learn and understand.

It has become one of the most widely used writing systems in the world and has been adopted by many cultures. For example, the Aramaic alphabet (which is similar to the Hebrew) is a modern form based on the Phoenician alphabet, as is the case with the modern Arabic alphabet and the Greek alphabet.


Ancient Egyptian and hieroglyphs

Ancient Egyptian civilization has always fascinated historians, archaeologists and others interested in the field, and the hieroglyphic beauty must have a share in this, as its status is still surrounded by secrets to this day.

There is no competitor to the Egyptian civilization to invent and use a distinctive alphabet that it developed independently of other civilizations, which attests to a great historical culture.

Hieroglyphs are a group of characters representing natural or man-made beings, assembled in a distinct way that enables them to tell an entire story or form a meaningful message!

Hieroglyphs were especially used in tombs and temples and on the funerary treasures of pharaohs, their wives, and their children. Today's estimates indicate that the first hieroglyphs appeared around 3500 BC in the Nile Valley.

You should know that deciphering hieroglyphs in ancient Egypt remained a mystery for a long time until the scientist Jean-Francois Champollion decoded it in 1822.

Chinese alphabet: thousands of symbols

With a total of more than a billion users around the world, a history exceeding a thousand years and rich writing that have remained rooted over the centuries, Chinese passages are among the most important alphabets that have characterized history, and the world continues to pay homage to their symbols.

Chinese mythology attributes the invention of the Chinese alphabet to Cang Jie (in 2750 BC), Minister 黄帝 (Huang Di), the legendary yellow emperor and the spiritual father of the Chinese nation.

Chinese symbols were enriched century by century, over the dynasties to the present day as it is estimated that there are about 50,000 Chinese symbols, of which 5,000 are used daily by the Chinese.

Historically, it is difficult to determine the exact birth date of Chinese symbols, but it is estimated that the use of the first symbol would be from 6000 or 7000 BC.


The Greek alphabet is the birth of vowels

The Greek alphabet is closely related to the Phoenician alphabet that we have talked about in the previous lines;

The vast majority of those interested in classical Greek study believe that the Greek alphabet was adopted in the eighth century BC based on the Phoenician alphabet.

It was used by Pythagoras, Herodotus and Plato and was one of the main reasons for the rising of Greece throughout ancient Europe.

During that period, the Greeks were pragmatic with distinction, and they never hesitated to amend and amend the Phoenician alphabet in proportion to their special needs based on Greek culture.

In this context, pragmatism led to a major development in the history of writing, as the Greek alphabet was the first to adopt the use of vowels which were then necessary in order to diversify and enhance Greek writing.

Thus the letters α (alpha), ε (epsilon), ι, (iota) ο (omicron) and υ (epsilon) were born, to announce a new alphabet which is the Greek alphabet which will then vary and differ from region to region.

Latin alphabet of the West unites!

Rome did not happen overnight, as did the Latin alphabet! Where it appeared on the Italian peninsula since about the sixth century BC. Historically, the Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan alphabet.

It was named after the Etruscans (sometimes called Tyrrhenian), a people who had reached Tuscany since about the seventh century BC.

The Etruscan alphabet is a product of changing the Greek alphabet in proportion to this people in an attempt to translate its language phonetically.

After the Etruscan civilization expanded throughout Italy, many Etruscans were crowned as kings of Rome before the advent of Roman civilization.

Then, during the Roman era, these Etruscan gradually transformed into the Latin alphabet, which was adopted by most Germanic languages ​​(such as English or German) and Romantic languages.

It is estimated that today the Latin alphabet is used by about 40 of the world's population.



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